Richard Duke of Aquitaine

Richard was not originally destined to be king: that is why Henry II named him Duke of Aquitaine in 1168; at the age of eleven, he thus owed homage for Aquitaine to the King of France, Louis VII.

With his mother’s guidance, he learnt how to act as a powerful feudal lord. His mother encouraged him to undertake numerous journeys in order to get himself known and recognised by his vassals. At the court of Poitiers, under Eleanor’s guidance, he immersed himself in the refined culture, based both on courtly love and Christian values, which held sway there. He himself wrote a number of songs. In this way, Richard very soon appeared as the model knight, brave and chivalrous. So he was imbued with the southern Occitan culture of the second half of the 12th century.